Curriculum Kernewek

Cornwall Agreed Syllabus 2011

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Books for teachers:

No.1 Stone Crosses in North Cornwall, Andrew Langdon, Federation of Old Cornwall Societies

No.2 Stone Crosses in Mid – Cornwall, Andrew Langdon, Federation of Old Cornwall Societies

No.3 Stone Crosses in East Cornwall (Including parts of Bodmin Moor), Andrew Langdon, Federation of Old Cornwall Societies

No.4 Stone Crosses in West Penwith, Andrew Langdon, Federation of Old Cornwall Societies

No.5 Stone Crosses in West Cornwall (Including the Lizard), Andrew Langdon, Federation of Old Cornwall Societies

Purchase at:

Online: - a simple introduction to types of cross by Andrew Langdon. - looks at King Doniert's Stone. - this is the source of the Curriculum Kernewek Map, but you can search the Heritage Gateway database independently if you wish. Click on 'More Detailed Search'. Click on 'Resources'. In the 'Local Records' list, tick the 'Cornwall and Scilly HER' box. Click on 'What' and enter the type of monument you are seeking e.g. cross. Click on 'Where' and enter your place-name. Click on 'Search'.


Jon Davey offers an 'Understanding Cornish Crosses' workshop session which includes:

  • a guided visit to some Cornish crosses
  • activities to help pupils explore the history, function and development of Cornish crosses
  • storytelling of Cornish cross related legends and stories

Jon Davey is a teacher with over 20 years classroom experience, educational writer and President of Redruth Old Cornwall Society. Contact Jon via email: or tel: 07542184658.


Wayside crosses can be hazardous due to passing traffic so the best crosses to visit are preserved in parish churchyards. Even so, prepare a risk assessment as some churchyards have steep sided boundaries with sudden drops such as at Cardinham, St Mawgan and Quethiock, uneven ground and unstable headstones.

  • St Neot – 5 crosses, 10th century churchyard cross, 3 x 12th-14th century Latin crosses, 1 15th century Lantern cross. In the church best set of 16th century stained glass windows.
  • Lanivet – 2 large decorated churchyard crosses, west side 10th century, north side 11th - 12th century, also a 10th century coped grave stone and a 12th century grave slab. Built into the south-west external end of the church is the remains of an inscribed stone with another set up inside the parish church.
  • Cardinham – One of the best and largest churchyard crosses on Bodmin Moor, a second cross head is set up on a tall inscribed stone on the east side of the churchyard. Inside the church 2 13th century grave slabs survive.
  • St Mawgan in Pydar – Finest 15th century Lantern cross, a 12th century wheel cross and a 12th century Latin cross, next door in the grounds of Lanherne Convent is a 10th century decorated cross from Gwinear parish.
  • St Columb Major – Large 10th century cross-head, an early inscribed cross-slab, and 2 x 13th century grave slabs beneath the churchtower.
  • St Allen – 12th century churchyard cross and 2 wayside crosses in the churchyard, inside the church is the head of a Latin cross, a gothic cross-base which has been converted into a font and the remains of a 13th century grave slab.
  • St Buryan – The finest 10th century cross-head displaying a Crucifix figure, also part of a 10th century coped grave slab. Inside the church a large 13th century grave slab with Norman French inscription.
  • St Just in Penwith – 12th century cross near west gate, a cross-head outside the south porch. Inside the church is the Selus inscribed stone which displays a late Chi Rho monogram, and a 10th century decorated cross-shaft built into the north wall.
  • Gulval – A 10th century cross-shaft, set up-side-down in the churchyard along with the remains of a 15th century Lantern cross-head on a decorated pedestal base.
  • Ludgvan – 3 crosses in the churchyard, 2 wheel-headed crosses at the east end of the churchyard and a latin cross on the south side.
  • Sancreed – 5 crosses in the churchyard, one 10th century churchyard cross and another slightly later (perhaps 11th century) also 3 wheel headed wayside crosses.
  • St Hilary – 2 x 12th century wayside crosses beside the south path to the church along with a grave slab and inscribed stone. Inside the church is a Roman milestone.
  • Breage – 1 x 10th century churchyard cross, while inside the church is a late Latin cross-head, altar-piece with Crucifix and Roman milestone.
  • Paul – A fine 10th century churchyard cross-head set on the south wall and a 10th century cross-shaft built into the external north wall of the church.
  • St Erth – a 10th century cross-head in the churchyard with Crucifix figure, with a second wayside cross in use as a grave stone in the north side of the churchyard. Inside the church are the remains of another 10th century decorated cross with the remains of a Crucifix figure.
  • Phillack – a 10th – 11th century decorated churchyard cross, 2 wheel headed wayside crosses and an inscribed stone. Built into the external walls of the church are further fragments of small crosses as well as a Chi Rho Monogram. Inside the church is an incised altar piece with an incised Crucifix figure and a grave slab in the vestry.
  • Lelant – 5 crosses survive in the churchyard and adjoining cemeteries, as well as many 19th century copies.
  • Liskeard – 2 x 12th century Latin wayside crosses in the churchyard.
  • Lanteglos by Camelford – Inscribed cross-shaft in churchyard along with 4 wayside crosses.
  • Quethiock – The tallest cross above ground level at 13ft 4ins, 10th century date.
  • St Clement – Tall inscribed cross, which has the remains of two separate 6th-7th century inscriptions, with a wheel-headed cross added in perhaps the 12th century. It was re-discovered in the 19th century and re-used as a gatepost.
  • St Teath – In the cemetery opposite the church is a tall churchyard cross, second tallest above ground level at 13ft 1in.
  • Mylor – has the tallest cross in Cornwall if one counts the shaft below ground level, the stone measure 17ft 6ins, although 7ft or more is set below the ground.
  • Roche – A massive churchyard cross of unusual style and shape.
  • Pelynt – The remains of a large 11th century four-holed cross has been set up inside the church on the north wall.